Do Fibroids Cause Weight Gain in Women? | USA Fibroid (2023)

Do Fibroids Cause Weight Gain in Women? | USA Fibroid (1)

Thursday, March 3rd, 2022

Unexplained Sudden Weight Gain in Women: What To Look Out For

Have you noticed lately that your pants are feeling tighter? Has the number on your scale suddenly increased, even though you haven’t changed how you eat? We want you to be aware that sudden weight gain in women can be caused by a range of underlying health conditions, including hypothyroidism, diabetes, perimenopause, and uterine fibroids.

Fibroids are common, non-cancerous tumors that grow on or within the muscular walls of the uterus. They can affect about one-third of women under the age of 35. If you have fibroids, you may experience symptoms such as pelvic or lower back pain, heavy or irregular periods, anemia, and frequent urination.

Unexplained weight gain is a lesser-known symptom of fibroids. If you have sudden weight gain in the stomach area, this may indicate an enlarged uterus due to fibroids. Fibroids can also lead to constipation or menstrual bloating, and weight gain sometimes follows.

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If you believe that you may have uterine fibroids, we recommend contacting your doctor or a fibroid specialist for a full medical evaluation. In the meantime, here is some basic information about unexplained weight gain in women due to uterine fibroids.

(Video) Fibroid Belly: Why Is My Belly Enlarged?

Can Uterine Fibroids Cause Weight Gain in Women?

As discussed above, uterine fibroids can cause sudden weight gain in women. They can also damage surrounding organs, impact fertility, and cause a range of painful, uncomfortable, and inconvenient symptoms.

Many women with uterine fibroids don’t experience symptoms because their fibroids are about the size of a pea. However, some fibroids can be up to the size of a grapefruit, and some women may also develop multiple fibroids. Growth can occur even when women don’t experience symptoms, leaving them unaware of the possibility they have uterine fibroids.

Larger or multiple fibroids can cause severe symptoms to appear. Women usually experience an enlarged uterus when pregnant, but big or numerous fibroids can also cause your uterus to enlarge. An enlarged uterus will cause you to feel bloated, full, or have sudden weight gain.

Women with an enlarged uterus due to fibroids often notice something is wrong when their pants don’t fit the same way anymore. They may also see a noticeable fullness in the lower abdomen area.

Fibroid Symptoms: Weight Gain and More

The correlation between the fibroid and weight gain is simple: the bigger your fibroids grow, the more they weigh. This directly impacts weight gain in the abdomen and can make a woman’s stomach appear larger and more full. Because uterine fibroids cause this weight gain, it is difficult to diagnose without a doctor’s help.

Additionally, other fibroid symptoms may impact your lifestyle and affect your weight. Symptoms like anemia, heavy bleeding, increased menstrual cramps, and pain in your back or pelvis can lower your energy levels and make it more challenging to maintain an active lifestyle. There is a direct relationship between fibroids and weight gain, and seeking treatment from a fibroid specialist can help alleviate this symptom.

Fibroid Specialists

(Video) Doctor Breaks Down What Women Need To Know About Fibroids

Does Fibroid Sizes Have Anything to Do With It?

Fibroids can grow large enough to expand the uterus and the stomach while also adding weight. Along with the size of a single fibroid, you must also consider the impact of multiple fibroids or those that grow together in a cluster.

Small fibroids are about the size of a seed or smaller, as little as under 5 cm or the size of a cherry. The average size is from 5 cm to 10 cm, which is about the size of a plum or orange. However, large fibroids can be much bigger at 10 cm or more, up to the size of a watermelon. Fibroid sizes can vary, but they can have a negative impact on your weight.

How To Treat Fibroids and Stop Weight Gain

Women suffering from uterine fibroids and symptoms of an enlarged uterus may find it challenging to stay active, contributing to putting on extra pounds. However, exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet of whole, unprocessed foods can help reduce weight gain, along with the painful symptoms of uterine fibroids.

We suggest eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy. It is also good to avoid added sugars, sodium, unhealthy fats, and alcohol. If you struggle to manage your diet appropriately, visiting a registered dietician may help. You can ask your doctor for a referral.

We want you to understand that maintaining a healthy lifestyle is only a temporary solution for symptomatic fibroids. Fortunately, effective treatment exists that can alleviate your symptoms. Many women believe that a hysterectomy, the complete surgical removal of the uterus, is their only treatment option. This isn’t true. There is a range of available fibroid treatments, including surgical and non-surgical techniques.

At USA Fibroid Centers, we perform a minimally invasive, FDA-approved treatment called Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE). Uterine Fibroid Embolization is a non-surgical, office-based treatment our skilled interventional radiologists perform. It shrinks uterine fibroids and reduces painful symptoms. This is done by blocking blood flow in the uterine artery that feeds into the fibroids: the fibroid tumor shrivels up without that steady supply of blood.

IN OUR STATE-OF-THE-ART TREATMENT FACILITIES, the UFE treatment can be done relatively quickly (about 30 to 45 minutes, depending on the size and number of fibroids). You can go home once the procedure is over.

(Video) Fibroids - Stomach Bloating & Other Problems | Catalogue of Fibroid Symptoms

Most women resume normal activities within a few days, with full recovery expected in one to two weeks.

Shrinking your fibroids can allow the uterus to return to a normal size because it won’t have to compensate for the fibroids. When you find relief from your enlarged uterus, you are likely to feel better physically and mentally, as you can return to your everyday lifestyle.

How Much Do Fibroids Weigh?

The weight of fibroids will vary based on the size and the number present in the uterus. Small fibroids the size of a seed or cherry hardly weigh anything, but average size fibroids, which are the size of plums or oranges, can add a few pounds, especially if there are more than one. If you have a large fibroid about the size of a grapefruit or watermelon or more than one, it can add a significant amount of weight to the scale while also making you look heavier in the stomach. The largest fibroid recorded had a weight of more than 100 pounds.

Does Fibroid Removal Cause Weight Loss?

If the fibroids are large enough to noticeably increase your weight, removing them will eliminate that weight and any discomfort connected to it. You may notice weight loss after having UFE to treat your fibroids as they shrink over time. You might see other symptoms are resolved, such as constipation, which can also impact your weight and how you eat. You may feel more like fixing healthier foods for your diet and being more active, which can also positively impact your weight .

Schedule a Consultation With USA Fibroid Centers Today!

Fibroids can cause unexplained weight gain in women when they grow to larger sizes or multiply. If you think fibroids might be behind your weight gain, we recommend contacting your doctor or a fibroid specialist. The good news is that treatment such as UFE could help you feel better.

We have many convenient locations across the country, staffed by compassionate and experienced fibroid specialists who can give you a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plan. We also offer telemedicine consultations. Get back into your favorite pair of jeans by talking to one of our fibroid specialists to learn more about fibroids and weight gain.


(Video) How to prevent the growth of Uterine Fibroids? | Dr. Hansaji Yogendra

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Does fibroids make you gain weight? ›

Do fibroids cause weight gain? Often, they can. Fibroids cause weight gain in the abdomen when the fibroids themselves grow large in size. Very large uterine fibroids can weigh several pounds or even push on other organs.

Do fibroids make it hard to lose weight? ›

Along with making weight loss difficult, uterine fibroids can sometimes cause unintended or sudden weight gain. Weight issues with fibroids can occur because of an enlarged uterus, constipation, and/or menstrual bloating. During heavy periods, you may also reach for unhealthy comfort foods or avoid exercising.

Will you lose weight after fibroid removal? ›

If you have fibroids, you are most likely carrying extra weight. Eliminating the fibroids or shrinking them with UFE can often lead to weight loss.

How many pounds can a fibroid weigh? ›

Weight Gain And Bloating

Simply put, the more a fibroid grows, the heavier it will become. Consequently, weight gain and discomfort will follow as some fibroids weigh as much as 20-40 pounds. This swelling and bloating can even make a woman look pregnant.

Can fibroids give you a big belly? ›

Fibroids cause weight gain and bloating due to a hormonal imbalance or the size of the fibroid. Larger fibroids may cause a woman to gain weight in the abdomen, giving the appearance of normal belly fat. Simply put, the more a fibroid grows, the heavier it will become.

What size fibroids cause weight gain? ›

Fibroids themselves don't cause true weight gain. But some fibroids can become very large, and in some cases, weigh a few pounds. These larger fibroids can press on other structures in the abdomen or pelvis and appear to cause bloating and swelling around the abdomen.

Can a fibroid weigh 10 pounds? ›

Most fibroids are on the smaller side and weigh less than a pound. However, a large cluster of fibroids could grow to more than 8 inches in diameter and have a mass equivalent to a grapefruit, or even a watermelon. These fibroid clusters can weigh 5 to 10 pounds.

How can I lose my fibroids belly? ›

Try these tips:
  1. Avoid added salt. ...
  2. Limit high-sodium processed and packaged foods.
  3. Check your blood pressure daily with a home monitor.
  4. Exercise regularly.
  5. Lose weight, especially around the waist.
  6. Avoid or limit alcohol.
  7. Increase potassium by eating a majority of plants at each meal.

Should I have fibroids removed? ›

When do fibroids need to be treated? The answer is fairly straightforward. If the fibroids are asymptomatic, or cause you no issues, treatment is probably not needed. Whereas, if your fibroids cause you pain and other problems, treatments are available for you to choose from depending on the severity of the symptoms.

What do fibroids do to your body? ›

If fibroids get very large, they can cause your belly to bulge like a pregnancy or press on nearby organs causing constant pelvic pressure, frequent urination, or difficulty passing bowel movements. In some cases, fibroids can make it harder to get pregnant or cause problems during pregnancy or childbirth.

What is fibroid belly? ›

In women with fibroids (also called leiomyomas or myomas), a fibroid belly can also signal that two things may have changed. First, one or more fibroids may have grown so much that they are now causing a distended abdomen (fibroid belly) and increased body weight.

Can I have a flat stomach with fibroids? ›

So, achieving the “perfect” silhouette with a flat stomach with fibroids, may not be possible if your uterine fibroids have grown so much they are causing your stomach to protrude. However, it is still possible to lose weight and even address some of the discomfort that may accompany fibroids.

At what size should a fibroid be removed? ›

Most experts believe that about 9-10 centimeters (about 4 inches) diameter is the largest size fibroid that should be removed laparoscopically.

What happens if fibroids go untreated? ›

If left untreated, fibroids can continue to grow, both in size and number. As these tumors take over the uterus the symptoms will become worse. The fibroids pain will increase. The heavy bleeding will become heavier and it may be accompanied by severe cramping.

Can exercise shrink fibroids? ›

Exercise and diet cannot shrink your fibroids alone; only specialized fibroid treatment can shrink or eliminate your fibroids. Despite following a healthy lifestyle and exercising regularly, there may come a time when your fibroids begin to grow and symptoms worsen.

What is the best treatment for fibroids? ›

Myomectomy. A myomectomy is an operation to remove fibroids while preserving the uterus. For women who have fibroid symptoms and want to have children in the future, myomectomy is the best treatment option. Myomectomy is very effective, but fibroids can re-grow.

Is a hysterectomy the best option for fibroids? ›

Hysterectomy is a permanent solution for fibroids, and is an option if other treatments have not worked or are not appropriate. A woman cannot become pregnant after having a hysterectomy. If the ovaries are removed along with the uterus, hysterectomy causes immediate menopause.

Do fibroids cause bloating and gas? ›

CAN UTERINE FIBROIDS CAUSE BLOATING? Yes, bloating can be caused by fibroids. Because Fibroids can appear as a single large benign tumour, or a cluster of small benign tumors, if a fibroid grows in size, it can cause the abdomen to bloat and become visibly swollen.

What symptoms do large fibroids cause? ›

Common fibroid symptoms include:
  • Heavy or prolonged periods.
  • Bleeding between periods.
  • Abdominal discomfort and/or fullness.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Bladder symptoms, such as frequent urination or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Bowel symptoms, such as constipation or excessive straining with bowel movements.

Why do fibroids cause heavy? ›

Fibroids may stimulate the growth of blood vessels, which contributes to heavier or irregular periods and spotting between periods. Elevated levels of hormones called prostaglandins may also contribute to heavy bleeding.

How do I know if my fibroids are getting bigger? ›

The only surefire way to know if your fibroids are growing is to undergo an ultrasound or MRI exam. If you visit a fibroid specialist, they will likely order medical imaging when you experience increased symptoms, such as heavier bleeding or more pain than usual.

When should you worry about fibroids? ›

Any amount of bleeding that interferes with your daily quality of life is a concern. Other red flags include: Bleeding between periods and having more than one period in a month. Having a period that lasts longer than seven days.

Can vitamin D shrink fibroids? ›

A 2019 trial followed 69 women who had fibroids as well as a vitamin D deficiency. After the women started taking vitamin D supplements, researchers noted that the size of their fibroids was significantly reduced. As a result, the study authors concluded that you could treat fibroids with vitamin D supplements.

What foods dissolve fibroids? ›

Foods to help prevent or shrink fibroids
  • Fruits and vegetables. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables lowers your risk of many health problems, including heart disease and certain types of cancer. ...
  • Low-fat dairy products. ...
  • Foods that contain vitamin D. ...
  • Red meat and ham. ...
  • Alcohol. ...
  • Watch out for miracle supplements and 'cures'
Nov 25, 2022

What foods remove fibroids? ›

A recent study found that eating plenty of fruits like apples and tomatoes, and cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cabbage, could lower the risk of developing fibroids. And, eating healthier choices like organic fruits and vegetables and whole-grain foods could help improve your symptoms.

Are fibroids a big deal? ›

Fibroids are pretty common — between 20-70 percent of women will develop fibroids during their reproductive years. And they're almost always (99 percent of the time) harmless. But that doesn't mean you should ignore them. Fibroids can cause complications like excessive bleeding and reproductive problems.

When do fibroids require a hysterectomy? ›

A hysterectomy may be recommended if you have large fibroids or severe bleeding and you do not want to have any more children.

Is fibroid surgery a major surgery? ›

Also known as an "open" myomectomy, an abdominal myomectomy is a major surgical procedure. It involves making an incision through the skin on the lower abdomen, known as a "bikini cut," and removing the fibroids from the wall of the uterus. The uterine muscle is then sewn back together using several layers of stitches.

What are the benefits of removing fibroids? ›

After myomectomy surgery, most women experience relief of bothersome signs and symptoms, such as excessive menstrual bleeding and pelvic pain and pressure. Fertility improvement. Women who undergo laparoscopic myomectomy, with or without robotic assistance, have good pregnancy outcomes within about a year of surgery.

What organ is affected by fibroids? ›

Many women have benign (non-cancerous) growths known as fibroids in or on their womb (uterus). Most fibroids are small and don't cause any problems. They are usually discovered by chance. Depending on where fibroids are located, they may cause period pain, heavy menstrual bleeding or other symptoms.

What are the signs of fibroid in a woman? ›

Symptoms of fibroids may include:
  • heavy bleeding between or during your periods.
  • menstrual clots.
  • menstruation that lasts longer than usual.
  • increased menstrual cramping.
  • pain in the pelvis or lower back.
  • pressure or fullness in your lower abdomen.
  • swelling or enlargement of the abdomen.
  • increased urination.

How do I know if my stomach is bulging with fibroids? ›

Many women first notice an expanding waistline when clothing begins to fit differently. Others have difficulty bending over or moving around: some experience frequent urination, digestive problems, or worsening menstrual cramps.

How do you know if a fibroid is burst? ›

Symptoms of a ruptured fibroid include: Acute abdominal pain. Low-grade fever. High white blood cell count.

What do fibroids feed on? ›

They can be useful when estrogen is needed, but when it is not they are a problem for women with fibroids. Fibroids feed off estrogen, so more estrogen triggers tumor growth.

Can fibroids affect bowels? ›

Women can experience pressure on the bowel and/or bladder due to fibroids. This can cause constipation, frequent urination and incontinence. In some rare cases, fibroids can press on the ureters (tubes which carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder), leading to kidney dysfunction.

How can I shrink fibroids without surgery? ›

Certain procedures can destroy uterine fibroids without actually removing them through surgery. They include: Uterine artery embolization. Small particles (embolic agents) are injected into the arteries supplying the uterus, cutting off blood flow to fibroids, causing them to shrink and die.

Can fibroids turn cancerous? ›

Can fibroids turn into cancer? Fibroids are almost always benign (not cancerous). Rarely (less than one in 1,000) a cancerous fibroid will occur. This is called leiomyosarcoma.

At what age do fibroids shrink? ›

As you get closer to menopause, your uterine fibroids may shrink and become less noticeable. For many, their fibroid-related symptoms go away completely. Also, when you begin menopause, your risk of developing new uterine fibroids decreases. “When you stop your periods, the fibroids go to sleep,” says Dr.

Can a fibroid burst? ›

Uterine fibroids may burst because of an increase in blood pressure or abdominal pressure, a twisted fibroid, an injury, or a fibroid that has grown too large for it's blood supply. Increased blood pressure or acute blood loss are serious complications of a ruptured uterine fibroid.

Can fibroids cause tiredness? ›

Fatigue. Fatigue is especially easy to miss as a symptom of fibroids because it's not caused by overwork or a lack of sufficient sleep at night, but is mainly due to the loss of blood from heavy periods. This blood loss leads to anemia and an iron deficiency from the lack of red blood cells.

Is it OK to live with fibroids? ›

With many treatment options available, there's no reason to live with fibroids that harm your quality of life. If you consistently miss work or don't attend social events because of fibroids, those are red flags to seek medical treatment. “There are many treatment options available, and you do not need to suffer,” Dr.

Do fibroids get worse with age? ›

“Once you go through menopause, fibroids start shrinking because they don't have the hormones that were being produced by the ovaries that help them grow,” Dr. Bhagavath says. After menopause, into your 60s and beyond, your fibroids will continue to decrease in size.

What is the best sleeping position for fibroids? ›

Lie down and put a pillow under your knees. Or lie on your side and bring your knees up to your chest. These positions may help relieve belly pain or pressure.

Does walking help fibroids? ›

One of our favorite ways to manage your fibroids is with cardiovascular exercises like walking, jogging or swimming. These are considered cardio because they raise your heart rate.

What vitamins shrink fibroids? ›

Some types of vitamins may help reduce the growth and size of fibroids.
A number of vitamins may help ease these symptoms:
  • vitamin B1.
  • vitamin B6.
  • vitamin D.
  • vitamin E.
  • magnesium.
  • omega-3 fatty acids.

How does fibroids affect your body? ›

If fibroids get very large, they can cause your belly to bulge like a pregnancy or press on nearby organs causing constant pelvic pressure, frequent urination, or difficulty passing bowel movements. In some cases, fibroids can make it harder to get pregnant or cause problems during pregnancy or childbirth.

How do you get rid of fibroids in your stomach? ›

A myomectomy may be abdominal surgery, or your surgeon may use a hysteroscope or laparoscope to remove the fibroids without having to make a large cut on your abdomen. There is also a newer method that uses MRI-guided intense ultrasound energy to pinpoint the fibroids and shrink or destroy them.

What are severe symptoms of fibroids? ›

Fibroids Symptoms
  • Heavy or prolonged periods.
  • Bleeding between periods.
  • Abdominal discomfort and/or fullness.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Bladder symptoms, such as frequent urination or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Bowel symptoms, such as constipation or excessive straining with bowel movements.

Can walking reduce fibroids? ›

Exercise can be an important part of uterine fibroid prevention and management. Modifiable activities that contribute to cardiovascular health and muscle strength are some of the best for people with fibroids.

Can exercise get rid of fibroids? ›

Exercise and diet cannot shrink your fibroids alone; only specialized fibroid treatment can shrink or eliminate your fibroids. Despite following a healthy lifestyle and exercising regularly, there may come a time when your fibroids begin to grow and symptoms worsen.

Do fibroids need to be removed? ›

When do fibroids need to be treated? Uterine fibroids usually need treatment when they cause: Anemia from heavy fibroid bleeding. Ongoing low back pain or a feeling of pressure in the lower belly.

What is the main cause of fibroids? ›

Causes of Uterine Fibroids

Hormones and genetics might make you more likely to get them. Hormones. Estrogen and progesterone are the hormones that make the lining of your uterus thicken every month during your period. They also seem to affect fibroid growth.

What naturally kills fibroids? ›

There are a number of changes you can make that might help reduce your risk for fibroids.
  • Follow a Mediterranean diet. Add plenty of fresh and cooked green vegetables, fresh fruit, legumes, and fish to your plate. ...
  • Cut back on alcohol. ...
  • Balance estrogen. ...
  • Lower blood pressure. ...
  • Get enough vitamin D. ...
  • A note about smoking and diet.


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